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Russia’s 85% trade pivot away from the US dollar

TL;DR

  • Russia has shifted 85% of its trade with BRICS nations to the Russian Ruble, moving away from the US dollar.
  • This change is part of Russia’s strategy to avoid US sanctions and strengthen its economy.
  • The shift from dollar to Ruble transactions saw a jump from 40% to 85% between 2021 and 2024.

With a bold strategic maneuver, Russia, a prominent BRICS member, has dramatically shifted 85% of its trade transactions with fellow BRICS nations to its local currency, the Russian Ruble, as of January 2024. This significant move marks a conscious effort by Russia to sidestep the US dollar, particularly in the wake of US sanctions, indicating a clear attempt to fortify its economic resilience and autonomy.

Russia’s Central Bank Governor, Elvira Nabiullina, has underscored this trend, confirming a remarkable surge in trade settlements in Rubles instead of US dollars with BRICS countries. This shift, from 40% in 2021 to a staggering 85% in 2024, represents an uptick of nearly 113% over two years, defying the conventional dominance of the dollar in global trade.

The Ruble’s Rising Role in Global Trade

This strategic pivot isn’t just a number game; it’s a well-crafted economic chess move. By increasingly utilizing the Ruble in cross-border transactions, Russia is not only circumventing US sanctions but also promoting its currency as a viable alternative in international trade. This strategy aligns with the broader BRICS agenda of challenging the US dollar’s hegemony and diversifying their economic dependencies.

Moreover, Russia’s decision to part ways with the SWIFT payment system, in concert with Iran, exemplifies its commitment to creating an independent financial infrastructure. The Kremlin’s efforts to develop a new payment system, sans the US dollar, reinforces its pursuit of an alternative economic order, free from the constraints of US-led financial systems. Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov’s critique of the traditional dollar-dominated order as “unreliable, false, and dangerous” encapsulates Russia’s stance on forging a new path in global finance.

Global Implications of Russia’s Financial Defiance

This radical shift by Russia has far-reaching implications, not just for the BRICS nations but for the global economic landscape. The move challenges the inertia and preference for the US dollar that prevails among many trading nations and businesses, who lean on the dollar for its perceived stability and liquidity. However, Russia’s pivot could potentially incite a reevaluation of the dollar’s unchallenged position in international trade and finance.

Russia’s de-dollarization campaign isn’t a spur-of-the-moment reaction but a calculated response to a series of sanctions initiated by the US and its allies since 2014. These sanctions, aimed at sectors including energy and banking, catalyzed Russia’s policy of reducing its dollar dependency. The Central Bank of Russia reports a significant reduction in the dollar’s share of its foreign exchange reserves, from 46% in 2013 to 22% in 2020, while the Euro and Chinese Yuan’s shares have risen.

However, the road to de-dollarization is strewn with challenges. The global dominance of the US dollar, accounting for a substantial portion of international reserves and transactions, poses a significant hurdle. Furthermore, there’s the risk of backlash from the US and its allies, who may perceive Russia’s move as a direct challenge to their economic interests. The potential volatility and instability from a swift departure from the dollar also looms large, with the possibility of disrupting global trade and financial stability.

Russia’s decision could reshape the dynamics of international trade and economics, influencing other countries’ currency preferences and alliances. While China may view this as an opportunity to bolster its economic ties with Russia, Europe could face increased volatility and pressure. The Middle East’s response might be varied, with some countries aligning with Russia’s stance and others remaining cautious due to their strategic partnerships with the US.

As the world watches, the impact of Russia’s daring financial strategy remains to be fully understood, but its implications are undeniably far-reaching and profound.

Disclaimer: The information provided is not trading advice. Cryptopolitan.com holds no liability for any investments made based on the information provided on this page. We strongly recommend independent research and/or consultation with a qualified professional before making any investment decision.

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Jai Hamid

Jai Hamid is a passionate writer with a keen interest in blockchain technology, the global economy, and literature. She dedicates most of her time to exploring the transformative potential of crypto and the dynamics of worldwide economic trends.

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