AI Surpasses Human Benchmark in Global Study on Personality and Behavior


  • The study compares AI chatbots, specifically OpenAI’s ChatGPT-3 and ChatGPT-4, against human behaviors, finding that ChatGPT-4 closely matches human personality traits.
  • ChatGPT-4 often behaves indistinguishably from humans in strategic games, suggesting it could pass the Turing test in some scenarios.
  • AI preferred fairness and adaptability to context, showing potential for ethical and socially aligned decision-making.

In a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), researchers extensively analyzed artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots, focusing on their human-like behaviors and personality traits. This study, aimed at assessing the capabilities of AI in mimicking human behavior, utilized the latest versions of OpenAI’s Chat Generative Pre-trained Transformer series, GPT-3.5-Turbo (ChatGPT-3) and GPT-4 (ChatGPT-4), and compared their performances against a vast dataset of human responses.

AI’s human-like behaviors under scrutiny

The study evaluated AI chatbots through the lens of the OCEAN Big Five personality model, encompassing Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism. Alongside, chatbots were engaged in a series of behavioral games, including the Dictator Game, Trust Game, and Public Goods Game, to name a few, which were designed to unveil traits like altruism, fairness, and cooperation, among others.

The findings revealed that ChatGPT-4 closely aligns with human median scores across all personality dimensions, showcasing a remarkable human-like behavior pattern. ChatGPT-3, while slightly deviating in openness, is also strongly correlated with human behaviors, albeit with distinct personality profiles that set each AI version apart.

One of the study’s significant revelations was the AI’s performance in strategic decision-making games, indicating a potential for ChatGPT-4 to pass the Turing test, a measure of a machine’s ability to exhibit intelligent behavior indistinguishable from that of a human. This aspect was particularly highlighted in games that assessed traits like risk aversion, altruism, and fairness, where AI’s decisions often mirrored or surpassed human actions.

Moreover, the analysis explored how AI chatbots adapt their strategies in response to different conditions, showing a sophisticated level of responsiveness to contextual cues similar to human behavior. This adaptability, coupled with the AI’s ability to “learn” from past game roles, underscores a complex understanding of cooperation and trust, aligning closely with human strategic decision-making.

Ethical and societal implications

As AI continues to integrate into various facets of human life, understanding its decision-making processes and ensuring they align with ethical standards and societal norms become paramount. This study advances our knowledge in this domain and raises pertinent discussions on the societal impacts of AI, from labor market effects to ethical considerations.

The exploration of AI chatbots’ behaviors and personality traits against global human benchmarks sets a new precedent in AI research. It highlights the rapid technological advancements that enable machines to mimic human behavior more closely than ever. As AI systems like ChatGPT become increasingly sophisticated, their potential to contribute positively to society grows despite the need for continuous scrutiny to align their capabilities with ethical and societal values.

This study marks a significant step forward in understanding AI’s capabilities. It sets the stage for further research into the complexities of AI decision-making, ensuring their beneficial integration into human contexts.

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Brenda Kanana

Brenda Kanana is an accomplished and passionate writer specializing in the fascinating world of cryptocurrencies, Blockchain, NFT, and Artificial Intelligence (AI). With a profound understanding of blockchain technology and its implications, she is dedicated to demystifying complex concepts and delivering valuable insights to readers.

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