Uniswap Research Highlights Cost Efficiency of Layer-2 Networks Over Ethereum Mainnet


  • Uniswap Labs’ research, led by Austin Adams, reveals that layer-2 networks like Arbitrum offer significantly lower transaction costs and higher liquidity than Ethereum’s mainnet.
  • Despite the advantages of layer-2 solutions, including shorter block times and increased earnings for liquidity providers, challenges such as centralized sequencers and liquidity fragmentation exist. However, ongoing developments aim to address these issues, promising a more efficient and decentralized future for DeFi trading.

In a g study conducted by Austin Adams, a researcher at Uniswap Labs, it has been revealed that conducting swaps and managing liquidity provisions on layer-2 networks is considerably more cost-effective than on Ethereum‘s mainnet. 

This discovery sheds light on the evolving landscape of decentralized finance (DeFi), where layer-2 solutions are emerging as a pivotal force in enhancing efficiency and reducing transaction costs for users.

Superior liquidity and cost savings on layer-2s

The research paper presents compelling evidence that layer-2 networks, such as Arbitrum, have significantly outperformed Ethereum in terms of liquidity positions, creating over three times more liquidity positions in the past year. This surge in liquidity is a testament to the growing preference among DeFi participants for layer-2 solutions, driven by their lower gas costs and higher liquidity concentration.

A remarkable insight from the research reveals that an overwhelming 97.5% of traders, especially those engaging in transactions below $125,000, witnessed more favorable results on layer-2 platforms than on Ethereum’s mainnet. This finding emphasizes the substantial advantages that layer-2 solutions offer to individual traders.

These benefits primarily include lower transaction costs and improved liquidity, making layer-2 networks an attractive option for retail swappers. The trend underscores the importance of layer-2 solutions in enhancing the trading experience for those operating on a smaller scale.

The Impact of shorter block times as compared to Ethereum Mainnet

Another advantage of layer-2 networks over Ethereum mainnet highlighted in the research is their shorter block times. For instance, while Ethereum’s average block time stands at approximately 12 seconds, Arbitrum boasts an average block time of just 0.26 seconds. This reduction in block time minimizes the window for price fluctuations, thereby decreasing the profitability of arbitrage attempts. This scenario is beneficial for liquidity providers on layer-2 networks, who, according to the paper, earn 20% more from arbitrage compared to their counterparts on the mainnet.

Despite the evident benefits, the paper does not shy away from discussing the challenges associated with layer-2 networks. One of the primary concerns is the presence of centralized sequencers in many rollups, which poses a risk of transaction reordering for maximizing miner extractable value (MEV) profits. Additionally, the lack of decentralized fraud proofs in optimistic rollups and the issue of liquidity fragmentation across over 40 layer-2 ecosystems are highlighted as areas needing improvement.

To address these challenges, developers of layer-2 networks are actively working on solutions. For example, Optimism has introduced a permissionless fault-proof system, and initiatives like Espresso are exploring diversified sequencer networks for rollups. These developments are crucial steps toward mitigating the drawbacks of layer-2 networks and enhancing their reliability and decentralization.


The findings from Uniswap Labs’ research illuminate the path forward for decentralized markets, emphasizing the need for continuous improvement in trading costs and user experience. Layer-2 networks, despite their current limitations, offer a myriad of benefits that can significantly enhance the trading experience for users. As these networks evolve and address their challenges, they are poised to play a central role in the future of DeFi, making decentralized markets more accessible, efficient, and cost-effective for a broader audience.

Disclaimer. The information provided is not trading advice. Cryptopolitan.com holds no liability for any investments made based on the information provided on this page. We strongly recommend independent research and/or consultation with a qualified professional before making any investment decisions.

Share link:

Haseeb Shaheen

As a Web Researcher and Internet Marketer, Haseeb Shaheen delivers relevant valuable content for audiences. He focuses on financial and crypto market analysis, as well as technology-related areas that help people change their lives.

Most read

Loading Most Read articles...

Stay on top of crypto news, get daily updates in your inbox

Related News

Subscribe to CryptoPolitan