Buterin and Schrepel thesis: Blockchain technology complements anti-trust laws

buterin and schrepel

Buterin and Schrepel posited that blockchain technology complements antitrust laws. On a video call with Thibault Schrepel, a Harvard law professor, yesterday—the duo presented their paper on “Blockchain Code as Antitrust,” exploring features of the ideology and arguing how blockchain technology can complement antitrust laws.

The paper was first out in May this year. But due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, Buterin and Schrepel did not formally present their thesis.

They made it yesterday on a YouTube video, however. The paper explores a theory of decentralization in the real world, the role of smart contracts, and trifling monopolies with distributed governance.

Blockchain technology to complement antitrust laws?

The paper contends nation-states must utilize public, permissionless blockchain technology to complement antitrust laws. The latter protects consumers from corporate-centric predatory practices while ensuring power is evenly distributed among influential businesses.

“Both antitrust and blockchain technology seek decentralization,”explains Schrepel in the video. He adds the two mechanisms are complementary; making a free market possible in the real-world.

“Antitrust law does this by preventing companies from holding too much economic power, blockchains do it by reducing intermediaries and enabling peer-to-peer transactions,” he adds.

Buterin and Schrepel push for more decentralization 

Buterin provided inputs on the many misconceptions that mainstream media perpetuates about blockchain technology. Specifically, he noted that blockchain systems do not mean every element of those need to be decentralized.

The 26-year-old said centralization can occur and it’s oft-valuable to have some centralized actors; such as wallet providers to certain layer-2 infrastructure firms:

“At the same time, there is this pressure to really try hard to reduce the extent to which this happens (…) at the protocol layer, we really try hard to push for more decentralization at the application layer and so forth.”

Buterin and Schrepel said they encourage governments to provide regulated sandboxes and legal spaces so that blockchain technology, and its development, becomes more decentralized and can assist in reaching the objectives of antitrust laws.

Blockchain technology

Meanwhile, China is already pursuing a blockchain-based government. Reports yesterday noted the country announced the development of a decentralized system for e-governance, imports, business, and even private firms in Beijing. This is in line with its broader push for blockchain technology under the Five-Year-Plan.


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