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Qatar to allow Investment Tokens under its digital assets framework

Qatar to allow regulated Investment Tokens as part of digital assets legislation framework

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In this post:

  • Qatar publishes its Investment token and digital asset legislative framework and seeks public consultation
  • Qatar introduces the concept of investment token within QFC
  • Stablecoins, CBDCs, and crypto not included in regulation
  • Full regulation should be out in 2024

In a bold move that has been in the making for some time now, The Qatar Financial Centre Regulatory Authority and the Qatar Financial Centre Authority (“QFC Authority”) have published their draft digital assets legislative framework which seeks to regulate investment tokens and has requested public consultation .

Both entities are seeking feedback for the proposed digital assets legislation. According to the announcement the framework has been developed to achieve an appropriate balance between alignment with legal and regulatory international standards and usability for practitioners in both the State of Qatar and internationally.

Feedback is required no later than January 2nd 2024, so no final legislation until early 2024.  

Aditya Kumar Sinha,  Head Fintech & Digital Innovation at Qatar Financial Centre (QFC) Authority · states on LinkediN, “ The Qatar Financial Centre Regulatory Authority (QFCRA) and the Qatar Financial Centre (QFC) Authority have jointly released a Consultation Paper, and we’re seeking your insights and feedback on our proposals to introduce a QFC Digital Assets Framework. This comprehensive framework is being developed in phases, with phase one dedicated to establishing legislation for a QFC tokenization framework. To make this vision a reality, the QFC Regulatory Authority and QFC Authority have meticulously prepared a range of draft legislative instruments.”

He discussed both Investment Token Rules 2023 – These rules define the treatment of investment tokens representing specified products, making their activity subject to authorization and supervision, and amendments to existing rules to accommodate investment tokens.”

The Regulatory Authority and the QFC Authority has developed a QFC digital assets framework designed to achieve the following objectives,  develop a legal and regulatory framework for digital assets through the establishment of a tokenization framework in the QFC that will provide legal certainty and a trusted technology environment for digital assets;  provide legal recognition of digital assets and address issues such as ownership of the underlying assets, custody arrangements, the transfer of ownership, trading and exchange of digital assets, smart contracts, among other relevant matters.

It also seeks to develop a trusted technology infrastructure that embeds the standards necessary to ensure trust and confidence among consumers and support for the framework from high quality service providers; and develop a framework that delivers certainty and promotes trust and confidence in digital assets, the market, and the service providers.

QFC authority as mentioned based their proposed framework on benchmarks in Lichtenstein, Switzerland, the European Union, the Monetary Authority of Singapore, various states, and offshore financial Center frameworks in the GCC and other benchmark regulatory jurisdictions.

Henk Jan HoogendoornHenk Chief Financial Sector Officer at Qatar Financial Centre (QFC) Authority added in a post on LinkedIn, Our ambition is to have a solid Digital Asset Framework where real Asset can be tokenized with trusted tokenization partner and supervised by Qatar Financial Centre (QFC) Authority and Qatar Financial Centre Regulatory Authority (QFCRA) .”

As per the documents the proposed digital assets framework is being developed on a phased basis with phase one focusing on the establishment of legislation to provide for a QFC tokenization framework.

In terms of investment tokens, they are tokens that represent underlying’s that are Specified Products under the QFC Financial Services Regulations (“FSR”). They provide for any person who carries out an activity in relation to such a token to be conducting a regulated activity, requiring authorization and supervision by the Regulatory Authority.

As for the Digital Asset Regulations 2023 it establishes the concept of tokens and what constitutes a permitted token. The Regulations also contain provisions relating to transfer of tokens, token ownership, and rights in the underlying and various definitions for the types of token service providers that will be subject to the proposed licensing framework in the QFC.

So what is the Investment Tokens Rules 2023? It introduces enabling provisions for tokenizing rights (described as investment tokens), in specified products under the QFC Financial Services Regulations (“FSR”) and certain derivatives and Islamic financial contracts declared to be specified products in Regulatory Rules.

However according to the draft legislation, stablecoins, CBDCs, and crypto are not under the regulatory guidelines and as such are prohibited. As per the legislation framework, “ The proposed draft Regulatory Authority Rules also specify a prohibition on undertaking activities in the QFC in relation to tokens that do not represent an underlying asset or are tokens that constitute cryptocurrency or similar currency-substitutes (this is in line with the Qatar Central Bank prohibition on cryptocurrencies in circular 6 of 2018 .”

It adds,”  A cryptocurrency token that is used as an alternative to fiat currencies but is not issued or backed by any governmental authority and does not represent any ‘off-chain’ property, is an example of an excluded token. This includes tokens commonly referred to as fully backed stablecoins, as these are regarded as substitutes for currency but are not themselves fiat currency or monetary instruments.”

Yet regulated token services include token validators, token generation services, token custody services, operation of a token exchange, and token transfer services fall under the activities within the digital asset framework.

The QFC Authority also proposes to establish a Token Service Providers Code within the QFCA Rules, applicable to all TSPs, and providing for standards of transparency, disclosure of risk, management, systems, and controls.

The proposed amendments to the Companies Regulations set out circumstances in which the shares of an LLC may be tokenized and provides that the shares of an LLC (public) may not be tokenized. Other consequential amendments have been made to bring tokenized shares within the existing requirements upon shares in an LLC within the QFC.

In addition the proposed amendments to the Special Company Regulations enable Special Companies to conduct the additional activity of issuing certificates, receipts, or other instruments, which would include tokenized instruments. This amendment is proposed on the basis that parties conducting a transaction in digital assets from the QFC (i.e., by way of example, a sukuk or bond Token issuance) may use a Special Company for this purpose.

This comes after QFC has been diligently working with blockchain, DLT, and consultancies to develop their digital asset and DLT frameworks.

This week Dubai’s DIFC (Dubai International Financial Center) also released its digital assets consultation paper.

 The information provided is not trading advice. Cryptopolitan.com holds no liability for any investments made based on the information provided on this page. We strongly recommend independent research and/or consultation with a qualified professional before making any investment decisions. 

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