Montana Governor Passes Pro-Cryptocurrency Mining Bill into Law

In this post:

  • Montana has passed a bill protecting cryptocurrency mining and preventing local governments from prohibiting it.
  • The legislation prohibits discriminatory electrical rates for mining firms and does not allow taxation for crypto used as a method of payment.

Montana Governor Greg Gianforte has signed into law a bill that prohibits local governments in the state from passing laws that would prevent cryptocurrency mining. The legislation also makes revisions to existing laws that prohibit discriminatory electrical rates for mining firms and prohibit taxation for crypto used as a method of payment. The move is seen as a proactive measure to protect the interests of miners in the state, as similar legislation has faced challenges in other states. 

The bill’s passage comes at a time when there is increasing interest in cryptocurrency mining across the United States, and when policymakers are grappling with the regulatory framework needed to manage this emerging sector.

Background on the Pro-Cryptocurrency Mining Bill

Senate Bill 178, the pro-cryptocurrency mining bill, was introduced in the Montana State Senate in January 2021. The bill’s provisions were designed to protect cryptocurrency mining activities by prohibiting local governments from imposing laws that would impede miners’ activities. The legislation also includes provisions that prohibit discrimination against mining firms with respect to electrical rates and taxation of crypto used as a method of payment.

The bill’s supporters argued that cryptocurrency mining activities are beneficial to the state’s economy, as they create jobs and bring in revenue. Opponents of the bill passed in Montana argued that mining activities consume too much energy and could lead to increased pollution. Despite these concerns, the bill passed both the state House and Senate, and Gianforte signed it into law on May 2, 2023.

Implications for Cryptocurrency Miners and the Industry

The passage of the pro-cryptocurrency mining bill in Montana is seen as a positive development for miners in the state and across the United States. The legislation provides clarity on the regulatory framework for cryptocurrency mining activities in Montana, and it also sets a precedent for other states that are considering similar legislation.

Cryptocurrency mining has become an increasingly popular activity in the United States in recent years. According to a report by the Cambridge Center for Alternative Finance, the United States accounts for 7.24% of the world’s bitcoin mining activity, making it the second-largest bitcoin mining country after China. As interest in cryptocurrency mining grows, policymakers at both the state and federal levels are grappling with how to regulate this emerging sector.

The passage of pro-mining legislation in Montana and other states is seen as a positive development for the cryptocurrency industry, as it provides a stable regulatory environment for miners to operate in. However, some policymakers at the federal level have proposed measures that could have a negative impact on miners. For example, the Biden administration recently proposed a 30% tax on cryptocurrency miners as part of its FY2024 budget proposal. The tax would be based on miners’ electricity usage and could potentially discourage mining activities.

The Future of Cryptocurrency Mining in the United States

The passage of the pro-cryptocurrency mining bill in Montana is just one example of the regulatory developments taking place across the United States with respect to cryptocurrency mining. As interest in this emerging sector continues to grow, policymakers at both the state and federal levels will need to develop a regulatory framework that balances the benefits of mining activities with the potential costs to the environment and local communities.

At the federal level, the Biden administration’s proposed tax on cryptocurrency miners is just one example of the regulatory challenges that miners may face in the future. However, proponents of cryptocurrency mining argue that it is a vital part of the digital economy and should be encouraged, not discouraged, by policymakers. As the industry continues to evolve, it will be important for policymakers to strike a balance between protecting the interests of miners and ensuring that mining activities are sustainable and responsible.


The recent move by Montana to protect and promote cryptocurrency mining is just one example of a growing trend in the US of states recognizing the economic benefits of the crypto industry and taking steps to attract crypto-related businesses. While there may be concerns about the environmental impact of cryptocurrency mining and the potential for excessive energy consumption, proponents argue that the benefits outweigh the costs, especially in terms of job creation and economic growth.

Disclaimer. The information provided is not trading advice. Cryptopolitan.com holds no liability for any investments made based on the information provided on this page. We strongly recommend independent research and/or consultation with a qualified professional before making any investment decisions.

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