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OECD predicts rate cuts as U.S. inflation takes a downward turn

TL;DR

  • The OECD predicts U.S. inflation will decrease, allowing for interest rate cuts within months.
  • U.S. inflation is expected to hit 2.2% in 2024 and 2% in 2025, among the lowest in the G7.
  • The UK faces the highest inflation rate in the G7, with 2.8% in 2024 and 2.4% in 2025.

As we vault into the heart of 2024, the economic landscape is undergoing a seismic shift, with the United States at the epicenter of a potentially game-changing development. According to the latest forecasts by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the U.S. is on the brink of experiencing interest rate cuts within mere months, thanks to a rapid deceleration in inflation rates. However, while the U.S. breathes a sigh of relief, the OECD casts a shadow over the UK, predicting it will grapple with the G7’s highest inflation rates, a veritable thorn in the Bank of England’s side.

This narrative isn’t just about numbers; it’s a rollercoaster ride of economic predictions, with the OECD interim outlook throwing curveballs and serving up some unexpected forecasts. U.S. inflation is projected to simmer down to a palatable 2.2% in 2024, eventually cooling off to an even more digestible 2% by 2025. These figures are not just impressive; they’re among the lowest in the G7, with Italy being the only country to edge out the U.S. in the low inflation stakes.

The Inflation Conundrum and Central Bank Maneuvers

But let’s not pop the champagne just yet. The fall in inflation, while welcome, doesn’t mean we can kick back and relax. The OECD’s chief economist, Clare Lombardelli, serves up a reality check, reminding us that the shadow of inflation looms large. Despite a worldwide trend of falling inflation rates, thanks to a series of interest rate hikes, the battle is far from over. The U.S. jobs report last Friday threw a spanner in the works, reigniting concerns over a labor market that’s still too hot to handle, potentially stalling those much-anticipated rate cuts.

The crystal ball of the OECD sees most G20 countries hitting their inflation targets by the end of 2025, with central banks poised to start dialing back interest rates sooner than previously thought. The U.S. could see rate reductions as early as the second quarter, while the euro area and the UK might follow suit in the third quarter. The Federal Reserve’s chair, Jay Powell, echoes this sentiment, hinting at about three quarter-point cuts this year, a move that could see rates retreat from their current 23-year pinnacle.

Yet, the OECD isn’t handing out free passes. It cautions that monetary policies should keep their guard up for some time, advocating for a cautious approach rather than a headlong rush back to the ultra-low rates of the pre-pandemic era. This is a marathon, not a sprint, with the U.S. economy flexing its muscles, expected to outpace its G7 counterparts with a robust 2.1% growth this year, thanks to vigorous household spending and a sturdy labor market.

A Tale of Two Economies: The U.S. and the UK

While the U.S. basks in the glow of an economic upturn, the UK finds itself in a less enviable position, saddled with the prospect of leading the G7 in inflation rates. With projections pegging UK inflation at 2.8% this year and slightly easing to 2.4% in 2025, the Bank of England has its work cut out in taming the inflation beast. This juxtaposition of fortunes underscores the diverse challenges faced by economies worldwide, as they navigate the post-pandemic recovery phase.

In the grand chess game of global economics, the U.S. appears to be making all the right moves, bolstered by a labor market that’s defying expectations and a GDP that’s on the upswing. Last week’s job report underlines the narrative of an economic powerhouse, with over 350,000 jobs added in January alone, smashing forecasts and showcasing the resilience of the U.S. job market. Meanwhile, average hourly pay is on the rise, outpacing predictions and signaling a robust economic health that underpins the Biden administration’s focus on middle-out economic growth.

Disclaimer: The information provided is not trading advice. Cryptopolitan.com holds no liability for any investments made based on the information provided on this page. We strongly recommend independent research and/or consultation with a qualified professional before making any investment decision.

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Jai Hamid

Jai Hamid is a passionate writer with a keen interest in blockchain technology, the global economy, and literature. She dedicates most of her time to exploring the transformative potential of crypto and the dynamics of worldwide economic trends.

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