Ghana’s Central Bank Initiates Interest Rate Cut Amid Economic Crisis


  • Ghana’s central bank’s bold 100 basis points rate cut reflects confidence in economic recovery.
  • $5.4 billion deal and IMF World Bank support highlight global confidence in Ghana’s recovery.
  • Ghana’s inflation drops from 50% to 23.2%, projecting further decrease, enabling economic stability.

The Bank of Ghana has opted for a reduction in its primary interest rate, a significant shift in monetary policy. After its worst economic crisis in decades, the central bank lowered the interest rate by 100 basis points to 29%. It is the first rate cut since 2021. This decision follows a consistent falloff in inflation, with December witnessing the fifth consecutive month of decline.

Inflation Retreats, Paving the Way for Economic Rejuvenation

Ghana has been working hard to fix its money troubles by rearranging its debts, aiming to bounce back from the economic problems that caused inflation to go over 50% in late 2022.

The persistent efforts are yielding results as price pressures notably eased over the latter half of 2023, recording a year-on-year inflation rate of 23.2% in December. This marked a significant drop from 26.4% in November and 35.2% in October.

Bank of Ghana Governor Ernest Addison expressed optimism during a news conference, revealing that the central bank officials now project a further decline in inflation to a range of 13%-17% by the year’s end and an even more substantial drop to 6%-10% by 2025. The central bank’s target inflation rate is 8%, with a margin of error of 2 percentage points on either side.

Factors Driving Positive Shift

Governor Addison attributed the positive shift to several factors that supported the disinflation process. These factors include the tightening monetary policy throughout 2023, favourable international crude oil prices leading to stable ex-pump prices and transportation costs, and relative stability in the exchange rate. While celebrating the progress, he emphasised the continued need for a robust policy stance to ensure sustained economic stability.

Ghana Securing Vital Financial Support

Earlier this month, Ghana finalized a deal to restructure $5.4 billion of loans with official creditors. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) responded promptly, allowing an immediate disbursement of about $600 million under its $3 billion bailout program. The World Bank also approved $300 million in financing, further strengthening Ghana’s efforts to stabilise its economy.

Ghana, which faced a default on most external debt in December 2022 due to servicing costs, is actively seeking relief deals with holders of approximately $13 billion in international bonds. The recent agreement with official creditors and the subsequent financial support from the IMF and the World Bank underscores the international community’s recognition of Ghana’s commitment to economic recovery.

Outlook for Ghana’s Economic Future

As Ghana navigates through its economic challenges, the impact of the interest rate cut and ongoing debt restructuring efforts remains a key focus. The government’s commitment to reaching relief deals and the support garnered from international financial institutions signal a collective effort to revive Ghana’s economic resilience. As the nation progresses, careful monitoring of economic indicators and continued policy diligence will be crucial for sustained recovery.

Disclaimer. The information provided is not trading advice. Cryptopolitan.com holds no liability for any investments made based on the information provided on this page. We strongly recommend independent research and/or consultation with a qualified professional before making any investment decisions.

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Timothy Munene

Timothy is a competent journalist with a background in Blockchain, Web3, and crypto news writing. He is focused, produces engaging content and has a wide range of research and analysing skills.

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