Cryptocurrency Tax Guide 2021

crytocurrency tax guide

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Over the years, cryptocurrency assets have been subject to currencies controlled by the government. However, these actions have not yielded good results, so government authorities have chosen crypto taxes. The government has tried to include tax reporting in cryptocurrencies to profit from daily transactions solely.

Below you can see the taxes that the authorities of each country seek to apply in the crypto market. In some regions, the crypto tax is low, and the authorities have promised to improve the security of decentralized commerce. But in other countries, cryptocurrency taxes cover high fees offering no guarantee in the market.

Are cryptocurrencies legal?

Crypto has existed for over a decade, starting with Bitcoin, and now exceeds over 100 pairs. The legality of digital currency is questionable because some countries bring their decentralized trade closer while others prohibit it. In countries where crypto is legal, crypto investors can’t evade tax for every transaction they make.

Taxes on cryptocurrencies can vary by country and sometimes apply to a specific pair of assets. Virtual currency is another payment system in countries where it is accepted or is unique for investments.

However, in other countries such as China, virtual currencies cannot be used for business transactions. It is, however, legal for citizens to trade with them even though many restrictions have been applied in 2021.

In the United States, the tax rules on cryptocurrencies are more open, allowing companies to use them. But tokens are treated as “assets” because it is not palpable physically

What are cryptocurrency taxes?

Capital gains tax rate has reached the cryptocurrency market to control active traders. Just as you pay tax by currency with your local currency, either by TDC or debit, now you must adapt to cryptocurrency taxes.

According to the tax law on income, it is determined that the total income will constitute an individual’s total earnings. This law applies regardless of the source from which the money comes and the legal status. This means that the crypto asset is also validated in the tax payment and added to the person’s income.

Even any business that pertains to cryptocurrencies, unless prohibited by the government, is subject to a tax. Cryptocurrency tax rates apply in most countries, including India, where it was specified at the beginning of the year.

Cryptocurrency taxes in different countries

The capital returns tax in cryptocurrencies is treated in different ways depending on the country where you are. Some regions can be tax havens due to their low tax on transactions, while others are a total nightmare. The cryptocurrency tax that some countries handle are:

United States and Canada

Within the United States, the internal tax service (IRS) dominates over cryptocurrencies, and imposes its tax . The regulatory body began its cryptocurrency tax journey with high forks or airdrops.

IRS focuses its tax rate on transactions that exceed $10,000 for the reports it shows in May 2021. However, the authority usually renews the tax liability that crypto traders must accept to have a legal trade.

Financial and law enforcement agencies in the US also have a different perspective on tax returns in cryptocurrencies. The FBI believes that cryptocurrencies are “digital currencies,” so they would skip the tax payment given by the IRS.

In Canada, virtual currency transactions practically skip the cryptocurrency tax that the authorities show. The crypto trader only has to report half of his income; a unique scheme. If the trader buys 1BTC for $30,000 and sells it for $50,000, he is only required to report $10,000.

The Canadian calculation system for the cryptocurrency tax works in this way: $50,000 sale – $30,000 purchase = $20,000 / 2 = $10,000. With this calculation, the government tries to give it a fair market value so the trader feels good.


The tariff with which the Australian government is governed attracts a capital gain for each transaction. The actions that attract cryptocurrency gains are when the trader exchanges his asset for another token, such as Bitcoin or Ethereum.

It also applies to cryptocurrencies for cryptocurrency earnings, such as the Australian dollar or the euro. Authorities in Australia point out that each asset is treated individually, so long term capital gain varies. This way of working with cryptocurrencies makes Australia seen as a paradise without tax obligations.

• China and India

Cryptocurrency transactions have a dark outlook in India or China because they are considered borderline illegal. A tax is not used in these countries because very few people use crypto at all openly in fear of being incarcerated.

The Reserve Bank has had an insatiable struggle with Bitcoin, where various exchange platforms have been shut down in India. The government wants to create its centralized cryptocurrency and ditch popular tokens like BTC, ETH, DOGE, etc.

In China, crypto taxation is exempt because financial corporations are prohibited from trading crypto currency. Even social media has been forced to ban cryptocurrency speculation. However, people can still trade with them, and the region continues to maintain a high rate of Bitcoin mining.

The tax obligations in Hong Kong are random, as indicated by the Internal Revenue Department. Traders can pay income tax no matter how large the transaction is or go unnoticed.

• UK

The authority in the United Kingdom has a capital returns tax focused on what the fiscal control body determines. For the taxable gains, the merchant can pay between 0 and up to 40% in taxes.

However, the tax can change if it is for gains in which the merchant only has to cover the 28% maximum. Policies in the UK on cryptocurrencies can also change due to pressure from the central bank.

• Germany and New Zealand

The taxable gains that Germany and New Zealand have on cryptocurrencies are focused on crypto as a property asset. In Germany, the cryptocurrency investor must pay a tariff if the transaction amounts to over 600 euros.

However, the government also rewards traders if they store the cryptocurrencies for more than one year. But it also removes a good percentage if the trader withdraws his capital by increase before reaching 12 months.

New Zealand does charge a fair tax of 15% for any bitcoin transaction. Both countries remain firm with the gains tax. Never have they tried to ban them.

News about capital gains in cryptocurrencies

At the beginning of the year, the cryptocurrency tariff underwent legislative changes applied in the council of ministers of each region. All cryptocurrency investment will be subject to the draft law for the prevention and fight against tax fraud.

For now, the document that will commence a gains tax is in the parliamentary process, but it is expected to be put in place before the end of 2021. This project will force the trader to declare their crypto currency in form 720.

To this extent, this tax purposes law will oblige the trader to provide personal data on their cryptographic transactions if the authorities request it. This cannot be revoked because otherwise, the trader will lose his capital asset. United States governments and some areas of Europe have started the legal process to activate the project.

Countries with no cryptocurrency tax

Just as there are regions where the government authorities guard cryptocurrencies, there are also countries where tax gains are not needed. The US IRS or Chinese regulators do not govern these areas, so it has no tax purpose or plans.

These countries are basically paradises without tax for any trader who wants to run crypto exchange freely. The laws against money laundering and tax liability are not as strict.

• Singapore

The tax return in cryptocurrencies does not apply to the Singapore government because virtual currency does not have legal tender. The inhabitants of the country can invest and sell Bitcoin without paying taxes.

The only law in Singapore is that if a company engages in a cryptocurrency transaction, it has to declare its income tax. Otherwise, it will be blocked by the country’s authorities for the money laundering charge.

• Portugal

Citizens of Portugal can trade cryptocurrencies without paying income tax. However, if a company accepts the payment of cryptocurrencies, it has to show its tax to the authorities.


In the Republic of Malta, cryptocurrencies must pay a market value rate that applies at 35%. However, if the trader stores the tokens for more than a year, he can avoid paying the cryptocurrency tax.

•El Salvador

The El Salvador government was the last to join the crypto market and has introduced a scheme without a tax . The country will allow people to trade cryptocurrencies, explore with them, and make a lot of money and even fiat currency.

How cryptocurrency tax is calculated

There is no formal basis with which authorities in the world calculate cryptocurrency taxes, especially with India. Although the United States has made more inroads into the crypto field, it also does not have a basis for calculating the tax rate.

The officials of each government only place the crypto tax for an interest rate that seems to be indicated for them. These payments can be calculated as 5% of the transaction amount or 20% in the worst case if the transaction is high.

If you need help with calculating tariffs, you can use online programs. These calculators give an estimate of the taxes you must cover according to the United States IRS:

• Zenledger

It is a good calculator because it supports the main cryptographic asset storage systems. It will give you good information about the taxes you must cover in any country where you store your cryptocurrencies. The calculator also offers you tax advice to cover a huge amount of money in crypto transactions.

• Koinly

It works under an automated scheme in which you can put all the data from the crypto exchange. You can know your tax income according to the latest reports that the country’s authorities have shown. The calculator can also tell you the tax consequences if you don’t pay the tax and capital gains.

• Cointracker

It can be of great help if you have no idea how crypto tariffs work because it guides you. This calculator was free for a while but now offers a Premium version that gives you a good tax analysis. Among other features, the platform solves the tax implications and says what your short-term capital gains may be.

How are crypto taxes calculated from other countries?

If the taxpayer wants to avoid tax in other countries that are “tax havens,” he must calculate using other forms of taxes. You might trade crypto in the United States and do it from Singapore, but know how the tax calculations work.

• TokenTax

This is a complete tax program that the trader can have to calculate his capital returns on the cryptocurrency he wants to exchange. Compatible with Coinbase and Binance support any currency to have cryptocurrencies.

• BearTax

This is a tariff program interface to understand how the tax works in general. You can know how lucrative the tax return is in any country you want using one of its 25 exchange lines.

BearTax will show the fair market value, so you don’t lose the value of your currency when you declare taxes. BearTax will do everything for the client to relieve stress and have the correct capital gains tax.

• TurboTax

Helped by TurboTax, the trader can present a beautiful declaration of crypto tariff in two modalities, premier and autonomous. It works as a tax attorney that the client can have 24 hours a day. TurboTax is compatible with the Cryptotrader.tax platform, which also serves for tax.

• CryptoTrader.tax

For the most accurate calculation of income tax in other countries, the client will have CryptoTrader.Tax. The user will create the best tax forms, place their commercial data, and where their income has come from.

This application can also show the capital gain that the trader has after declaring their tariff. You can understand the fair market value of each country where you expose yourself to tariffs.

Ways to have a fair market value

If you do not plan to go to a tax haven where the crypto tax is low profile, you can learn to carry on a cost basis. You must comply with some basic rules, so the income tax is in your favor:

1. Take a functional cost base

When you try to pay the crypto tax, the cost basis is good and gives you accurate calculations on the supposed debt. This software serves more than everything, so you know your ordinary income, the capital gain.

In the United States, the FIFO cost basis is used, supported by the IRS, and calculates your currency gains and losses with the program. With the FIFO application, the income tax service will know which currency to sell first.

The cost base also serves lets the client know what his exact tax bill must cover in any transaction. Crypto transfers usually have a unique tax rate that the government authority determines.

2. Be patient

If you are in a country where long-term capital gain is a good option to avoid paying tax, retain the asset. If you keep the crypto for more than a year, you can have high crypto gains to later exchange in the currency you want.

However, these tax havens are not good with short-term capital gain because they usually charge a high tax. To maintain the capital asset, you will have to follow only the rules these authorities determine, for example, in Germany.

3. Take advantage of the preferential tax treatment funds

If you pass your currency to cryptocurrency in the United States and trade with them, you can skip taxes. Before you start your cryptocurrency exchange, you can send your miscellaneous income to these storage systems. Although it is not the safest way to avoid paying currency tax, perhaps it is a unique option in the USA.

4. Use tax software

You will see your income and long-term capital gains if you use a cryptocurrency tax program. You can be guided by this tax professional and know how your tax income will be and the ordinary income tax rate you must cover.

To have good results, you must use professional tax software that gives you cryptocurrency gains and not losses. You can choose between CrytoTrader.tx or TokenTax, which is among the best, so you have a fair market value.

Crypto tax FAQS

How is taxable income reported in cryptocurrencies?

Reporting the income is very similar to doing it with ordinary income where the currency is involved. The client has to put only his tax income in order and be guided by the following scheme:

• You must follow up on your crypto transactions. You must calculate the losses and capital returns.

• Use the tax return form that the IRS has; with this formula, the authority knows that it is paying tariff in cryptocurrencies and not in currency.

• Send the total amount from formula 8949 to Schedule D; this is a form where you specify the gains and losses of the income.

• You must specify the taxable income, so the authorities know if it is an income from mining, trading, or passive investments.

• Finally, send the form and wait for your short term capital gain if they are applicable.

How constant should crypto taxes be paid?

Income taxes in cryptocurrencies and currency are applied every year or eventually for high transactions. The client must be attentive to their capital gains and more now with the new measures applied by the IRS.

Every income over $ 10,000 in cryptocurrencies must be justified to the IRS, so it is not viewed as money laundering. The ordinary income below that figure can go unnoticed by the IRS’s control over cryptocurrencies.

The trader can justify the appreciated property as part of a trading technique or earn from Bitcoin mining. High-value capital gains must be shown to the IRS before the crypto account is locked. If an investigation is initiated against the client for the tax refund, the IRS authority may be victorious.

Why does Germany have a more flexible tax payment than other countries?

The reason Germany gives long-term capital gains is that it trusts cryptocurrencies and wants more traders to join. Crypto enthusiasts may be attracted to this country that stands out for its flexible internal revenue service.

However, the capital gains will not be valid if the trader sells the cryptocurrencies in less than 12 months. Short-term gains are not valid in the country, although other tax havens such as Singapore apply them.

Singapore is another benchmark where the trader can have a fair market value regarding cryptocurrency taxes. The country allows a natural person to have taxable event income in cryptocurrencies and not respond to it. But companies do have to file income tariffs.

Does paying crypto taxes hurt the decentralized market?

The ordinary income justification for each region is the perfect formula for controlling the free currency. Knowing why this tax income event occurred, the authorities can fill out a form to discover dangerous investors. While the capital gains justified do not reflect the staff’s name, government authorities can trace their IP address.

From another viewpoint, showing ordinary income to the IRS, for example, does not harm the decentralized market. This occurs because the short-term gains that the client obtains in cryptography leave the focus of the regulators.

Like other regulatory authorities in the country, IRS is only looking for a taxable event that can hide illicit business. The tax payment rates are pretty spot on when compared to the total ban on cryptocurrency.


Crypto taxes are similar to any type of taxes. However, their definition and calculation differ from one country to another. In some countries, as we have seen, Bitcoins taxes are a headache when filing the tax return form. In other countries, cryptocurrencies aren’t taxed.

The IRS has indicated no chances of exempting crypto traders from paying taxes on their Bitcoin holdings. With the IRS tax return form having a general question on crypto ownership, the US may be able to get notable traction on crypto taxation.

Luckily, for traders in countries bent on a tax return for virtual currency traders, software and calculators are available to make the process less tedious.

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Alden Baldwin

Journalist, Writer, Editor, Researcher, and Strategic Media Manager:With over 10 years of experience in the digital, print and public relations industries, he has been working with the mantra, Creativity, Quality and Punctuality. In his waning years promises to build a a self sustaining institute that provides free education. He is working towards funding his own startup.As a technical and language editor, he has worked with multiple top cryptocurrency publications such as DailyCoin, Inside Bitcoins, Urbanlink Magazine, Crypto Unit News and several others.He has edited over 50,000+ articles, journals, scripts, copies, sales campaign headlines, biographies, newsletters, cover letters, product descriptions, landing pages, business plans, SOPs, e-books, and several other kinds of content.

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