Which Economies Will Thrive in the Age of AI?


  • The US, along with the “Asian Tigers,” the UK, and parts of the Nordics, are poised to lead the AI revolution, benefitting from substantial productivity growth.
  • Emerging markets, especially outside Asia, are likely to benefit less due to limited dynamism in the private sector and smaller tech sectors.
  • AI is expected to lead to increased wealth inequality but won’t necessarily result in permanently higher unemployment, with displaced workers likely finding employment in new AI-related occupations.

In a groundbreaking study, researchers from Capital Economics delve into the potential impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on global economies, unveiling which countries stand to reap the greatest rewards and which may lag behind. Contrary to popular belief, the benefits of AI extend beyond individual firms, promising significant boosts to entire economies. With the aid of 40 indicators, the study scrutinizes 33 countries, assessing their readiness to harness AI for enhanced productivity and economic growth, signaling a pivotal shift in the global economic landscape.

AI vanguard – Leading economies set to prosper

The emergence of AI marks the dawn of a fresh epoch of economic prosperity, with the United States leading the vanguard. Leveraging its enduring supremacy in the technological domain, the US is primed to uphold its status as the preeminent global technological frontrunner, catalyzing notable productivity escalation averaging 2.3% annually throughout the 2030s. 

Among the echelons of AI pioneers are the renowned “Asian Tigers” – comprising Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, and South Korea – alongside the UK and select Nordic nations. Nevertheless, notwithstanding China’s formidable innovation prowess and substantial investments in AI, the rigidity of regulatory frameworks could stymie its advancement, potentially exacerbating the economic gap between itself and the US.

The lagging landscape – Challenges for emerging markets

Despite the auspicious potential heralded by AI-driven progress, burgeoning markets encounter substantial impediments in fully harnessing its advantages. Especially conspicuous are nations beyond the bounds of Asia, which demonstrate a restricted dynamism within their private sectors and harbor nascent, less sophisticated technological industries, thereby impeding their capacity to innovate, acclimatize, and disseminate AI technologies. 

Also, the phenomenon of brain drain, wherein premier talent gravitates towards more affluent nations, amplifies these obstacles, protracting the process of aligning average incomes with those prevalent in developed economies. Notably, India grapples with immediate growth limitations stemming from AI’s influence on business outsourcing, thus magnifying the glaring divergences between emerging and established economic powerhouses.

Navigating investment opportunities – Bonds and stocks in the AI era

As economies embrace AI-driven productivity gains, investors stand to capitalize on burgeoning opportunities across bonds and stocks. Higher economic growth fueled by AI innovation is poised to elevate equilibrium interest rates, translating to increased bond yields, particularly in countries poised for substantial AI dividends. Concurrently, stocks are expected to witness accelerated earnings growth, driven by enhanced productivity across various industries. While the US boasts a robust AI ecosystem, valuations reflect heightened investor optimism, prompting a shift towards alternative markets, such as the UK, offering compelling investment prospects at comparatively lower entry points.

As the global economy navigates the transformative impact of AI, investors are tasked with discerning optimal avenues for capital deployment. Which economies will successfully harness AI’s potential to drive sustained growth, and how can investors navigate evolving market dynamics to capitalize on emerging opportunities? As nations race to unlock the AI dividend, the path to prosperity lies in strategic investments aligned with the evolving contours of the AI-powered economic landscape.

Disclaimer. The information provided is not trading advice. Cryptopolitan.com holds no liability for any investments made based on the information provided on this page. We strongly recommend independent research and/or consultation with a qualified professional before making any investment decisions.

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Aamir Sheikh

Amir is a media, marketing and content professional working in the digital industry. A veteran in content production Amir is now an enthusiastic cryptocurrency proponent, analyst and writer.

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